Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT6 induces IFN-β gene expression in Macrophages via TLRs-mediated signaling

Ah Ra Jang, Joo Hee Choi, SungJae Shin, Jong Hwan Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent bacterium that causes tuberculosis. It infects about one third of the world's population. Type I interferons (IFNs) play a detrimental role in host defense against M. tuberculosis infection. Proteins secreted by M. tuberculosis through ESX-1 secretion system contribute to type I IFNs production. However, the precise mechanism by which 6-kDa early secretory antigen target (ESAT6), one of ESX-1-mediated secretory proteins, induces type I IFNs production in host cells is currently unclear. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the underlying molecular mechanism regulating ESAT6-mediated gene expression of IFN-β in macrophages. Recombinant ESAT6 produced from E. coli expression system induced IFN-β gene expression in various types of macrophages such as mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), peritoneal macrophages, and MH-S cells (murine alveolar macrophage cell line). Deficiency of TLR4 and TRIF absolutely abrogated ESAT6-induced IFN-β gene expression. TLR2 and MyD88 were partially involved in IFN-β gene expression in response to low dose of ESAT6. Another recombinant ESAT6 produced from baculovirus system also upregulated IFN-β gene expression via TLR4-dependent pathway. Polymyxin B (PMB) treatment impaired LPS-induced IFN-β expression. However, IFN-β expression induced by ESAT6 was not influenced by PMB. This suggests that ESAT6-mediated IFN-β expression is not due to LPS contamination. Treatment with ESAT6 resulted in activation of TBK1 and IRF3 in macrophages. Such activation was abolished in TLR4- and TRIF-deficient cells. Moreover, inhibition of IRF3 and TBK1 suppressed IFN-β gene expression in response to ESAT6. Our results suggest that ESAT6 might contribute to virulence of M. tuberculosis by regulating type I IFNs production through TLR4-TRIF signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-109
Number of pages6
JournalCytokine
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Macrophages
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Gene expression
Interferons
Gene Expression
Interferon Type I
Polymyxin B
Chemical activation
Alveolar Epithelial Cells
Mycobacterium Infections
Baculoviridae
Alveolar Macrophages
Peritoneal Macrophages
Escherichia coli
Virulence
Bacteria
Bone
Tuberculosis
Proteins
Contamination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

@article{76f06283378c4e1a96129d329b8002b5,
title = "Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT6 induces IFN-β gene expression in Macrophages via TLRs-mediated signaling",
abstract = "Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent bacterium that causes tuberculosis. It infects about one third of the world's population. Type I interferons (IFNs) play a detrimental role in host defense against M. tuberculosis infection. Proteins secreted by M. tuberculosis through ESX-1 secretion system contribute to type I IFNs production. However, the precise mechanism by which 6-kDa early secretory antigen target (ESAT6), one of ESX-1-mediated secretory proteins, induces type I IFNs production in host cells is currently unclear. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the underlying molecular mechanism regulating ESAT6-mediated gene expression of IFN-β in macrophages. Recombinant ESAT6 produced from E. coli expression system induced IFN-β gene expression in various types of macrophages such as mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), peritoneal macrophages, and MH-S cells (murine alveolar macrophage cell line). Deficiency of TLR4 and TRIF absolutely abrogated ESAT6-induced IFN-β gene expression. TLR2 and MyD88 were partially involved in IFN-β gene expression in response to low dose of ESAT6. Another recombinant ESAT6 produced from baculovirus system also upregulated IFN-β gene expression via TLR4-dependent pathway. Polymyxin B (PMB) treatment impaired LPS-induced IFN-β expression. However, IFN-β expression induced by ESAT6 was not influenced by PMB. This suggests that ESAT6-mediated IFN-β expression is not due to LPS contamination. Treatment with ESAT6 resulted in activation of TBK1 and IRF3 in macrophages. Such activation was abolished in TLR4- and TRIF-deficient cells. Moreover, inhibition of IRF3 and TBK1 suppressed IFN-β gene expression in response to ESAT6. Our results suggest that ESAT6 might contribute to virulence of M. tuberculosis by regulating type I IFNs production through TLR4-TRIF signaling pathway.",
author = "Jang, {Ah Ra} and Choi, {Joo Hee} and SungJae Shin and Park, {Jong Hwan}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.cyto.2017.10.006",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "104--109",
journal = "Cytokine",
issn = "1043-4666",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT6 induces IFN-β gene expression in Macrophages via TLRs-mediated signaling. / Jang, Ah Ra; Choi, Joo Hee; Shin, SungJae; Park, Jong Hwan.

In: Cytokine, Vol. 104, 01.04.2018, p. 104-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT6 induces IFN-β gene expression in Macrophages via TLRs-mediated signaling

AU - Jang, Ah Ra

AU - Choi, Joo Hee

AU - Shin, SungJae

AU - Park, Jong Hwan

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent bacterium that causes tuberculosis. It infects about one third of the world's population. Type I interferons (IFNs) play a detrimental role in host defense against M. tuberculosis infection. Proteins secreted by M. tuberculosis through ESX-1 secretion system contribute to type I IFNs production. However, the precise mechanism by which 6-kDa early secretory antigen target (ESAT6), one of ESX-1-mediated secretory proteins, induces type I IFNs production in host cells is currently unclear. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the underlying molecular mechanism regulating ESAT6-mediated gene expression of IFN-β in macrophages. Recombinant ESAT6 produced from E. coli expression system induced IFN-β gene expression in various types of macrophages such as mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), peritoneal macrophages, and MH-S cells (murine alveolar macrophage cell line). Deficiency of TLR4 and TRIF absolutely abrogated ESAT6-induced IFN-β gene expression. TLR2 and MyD88 were partially involved in IFN-β gene expression in response to low dose of ESAT6. Another recombinant ESAT6 produced from baculovirus system also upregulated IFN-β gene expression via TLR4-dependent pathway. Polymyxin B (PMB) treatment impaired LPS-induced IFN-β expression. However, IFN-β expression induced by ESAT6 was not influenced by PMB. This suggests that ESAT6-mediated IFN-β expression is not due to LPS contamination. Treatment with ESAT6 resulted in activation of TBK1 and IRF3 in macrophages. Such activation was abolished in TLR4- and TRIF-deficient cells. Moreover, inhibition of IRF3 and TBK1 suppressed IFN-β gene expression in response to ESAT6. Our results suggest that ESAT6 might contribute to virulence of M. tuberculosis by regulating type I IFNs production through TLR4-TRIF signaling pathway.

AB - Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent bacterium that causes tuberculosis. It infects about one third of the world's population. Type I interferons (IFNs) play a detrimental role in host defense against M. tuberculosis infection. Proteins secreted by M. tuberculosis through ESX-1 secretion system contribute to type I IFNs production. However, the precise mechanism by which 6-kDa early secretory antigen target (ESAT6), one of ESX-1-mediated secretory proteins, induces type I IFNs production in host cells is currently unclear. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the underlying molecular mechanism regulating ESAT6-mediated gene expression of IFN-β in macrophages. Recombinant ESAT6 produced from E. coli expression system induced IFN-β gene expression in various types of macrophages such as mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), peritoneal macrophages, and MH-S cells (murine alveolar macrophage cell line). Deficiency of TLR4 and TRIF absolutely abrogated ESAT6-induced IFN-β gene expression. TLR2 and MyD88 were partially involved in IFN-β gene expression in response to low dose of ESAT6. Another recombinant ESAT6 produced from baculovirus system also upregulated IFN-β gene expression via TLR4-dependent pathway. Polymyxin B (PMB) treatment impaired LPS-induced IFN-β expression. However, IFN-β expression induced by ESAT6 was not influenced by PMB. This suggests that ESAT6-mediated IFN-β expression is not due to LPS contamination. Treatment with ESAT6 resulted in activation of TBK1 and IRF3 in macrophages. Such activation was abolished in TLR4- and TRIF-deficient cells. Moreover, inhibition of IRF3 and TBK1 suppressed IFN-β gene expression in response to ESAT6. Our results suggest that ESAT6 might contribute to virulence of M. tuberculosis by regulating type I IFNs production through TLR4-TRIF signaling pathway.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031432467&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031432467&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cyto.2017.10.006

DO - 10.1016/j.cyto.2017.10.006

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - 104

EP - 109

JO - Cytokine

JF - Cytokine

SN - 1043-4666

ER -