Chemokines function in the migration of circulating leukocytes to regions of inflammation, and have been implicated in chronic inflammatory conditions including myco-bacterial infection. We investigated whether Leukotactin-1 (Lkn-1), a novel member of the CC-chemokines, is involved in the immune response of macrophages against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). In PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells, MTB infection increased mRNA expression of Lkn-1 in a dose-dependent manner. Lkn-1 induction peaked 12 h after infection, then declined gradually and returned to its basal level at 72 h. Secretion of Lkn-1 was elevated by MTB infection. The increase in expression and secretion of Lkn-1 caused by MTB was reduced in cells treated with inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) and Akt. MTB-induced Akt phosphorylation was blocked by treatment with a PI3-K inhibitor or a PDK1 inhibitor, implying that PI3-K, PDK1, and Akt are associated with the signaling pathway that up-regulates Lkn-1 in response to MTB. These results suggest that Lkn-1 is novel member of the group of chemokines that is released by macrophages infected with MTB.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology