Mycophenolic acid (MPA), an inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor, is widely used as an immunosuppressive drug after transplantations including those of pancreas islet cells. However, recent reports have indicated that MPA has apoptotic effects on islet cells in vitro. To study the effect of MPA on islet cells and determine its mechanism, we used an insulin secreting cell-line, HIT-T15. We examined mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation after MPA treatment, and determining cell death levels using methylthiazdetetrazolium assays. The activations of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 MAPK and caspase-3 cleavage were measured by Western blotting. MPA (1, 10, 30 μmol/L) increased cell death and caspase-3 cleavage within 24 hours. Exogenous 500 μmol/L guanosine reversed the MPA-induced islet cell death, but exogenous adenosine did not. MPA 10 μmol/L induced cell apoptosis and increased the activations of JNK, ERK, and p38 MAPK. Furthermore, exogenous guanosine, but not exogenous adenosine, reversed these effects induced by MPA. This study demonstrated that MPA may induce islet apoptosis in HIT-T15 cells by increasing activations of JNK, ERK, and p38 MAPK in a guanosine-dependent manner.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by The BK21 Project in 2005 and The BK21 Project Team of Nanomaterials for Cell-Based Implants in 2006 at Yonsei University.
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