Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect.

César Terrer, Sara Vicca, Bruce A Hungate, Richard P Phillips, I Colin Prentice, C. Le Quéré, R. Moriarty, R. M. Andrew, J. G. Canadell, S. Sitch, J. I. Korsbakken, P. Friedlingstein, G. P. Peters, R. J. Andres, T. A. Boden, R. A. Houghton, J. I. House, R. F. Keeling, P. Tans, A. ArnethD. C. E. Bakker, L. Barbero, L. Bopp, J. Chang, F. Chevallier, L. P. Chini, P. Ciais, M. Fader, R. A. Feely, T. Gkritzalis, I. Harris, J. Hauck, T. Ilyina, A. K. Jain, E. Kato, V. Kitidis, K. Klein Goldewijk, C. Koven, P. Landschützer, S. K. Lauvset, N. Lefèvre, A. Lenton, I. D. Lima, N. Metzl, F. Millero, D. R. Munro, A. Murata, H. Yang, M. Ha, T. Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plants buffer increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations through enhanced growth, but the question whether nitrogen availability constrains the magnitude of this ecosystem service remains unresolved. Synthesizing experiments from around the world, we show that CO2 fertilization is best explained by a simple interaction between nitrogen availability and mycorrhizal association. Plant species that associate with ectomycorrhizal fungi show a strong biomass increase (30 ± 3%, P <0.001) in response to elevated CO2 regardless of nitrogen availability, whereas low nitrogen availability limits CO2 fertilization (0 ± 5%, P = 0.946) in plants that associate with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The incorporation of mycorrhizae in global carbon cycle models is feasible, and crucial if we are to accurately project ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScience (New York, N.Y.)
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages72-4
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)0196-2892 VO - 42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

Publication series

NameScience (New York, N.Y.)
Volume353

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Carbon Monoxide
Fertilization
Nitrogen
Ecosystem
Fungi
Mycorrhizae
Carbon Cycle
Climate Change
Carbon Dioxide
Biomass
Buffers
Growth

Cite this

Terrer, C., Vicca, S., Hungate, B. A., Phillips, R. P., Prentice, I. C., Quéré, C. L., ... Lee, T. (2016). Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect. In Science (New York, N.Y.) (pp. 72-4). (Science (New York, N.Y.); Vol. 353). American Association for the Advancement of Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf4610
Terrer, César ; Vicca, Sara ; Hungate, Bruce A ; Phillips, Richard P ; Prentice, I Colin ; Quéré, C. Le ; Moriarty, R. ; Andrew, R. M. ; Canadell, J. G. ; Sitch, S. ; Korsbakken, J. I. ; Friedlingstein, P. ; Peters, G. P. ; Andres, R. J. ; Boden, T. A. ; Houghton, R. A. ; House, J. I. ; Keeling, R. F. ; Tans, P. ; Arneth, A. ; Bakker, D. C. E. ; Barbero, L. ; Bopp, L. ; Chang, J. ; Chevallier, F. ; Chini, L. P. ; Ciais, P. ; Fader, M. ; Feely, R. A. ; Gkritzalis, T. ; Harris, I. ; Hauck, J. ; Ilyina, T. ; Jain, A. K. ; Kato, E. ; Kitidis, V. ; Goldewijk, K. Klein ; Koven, C. ; Landschützer, P. ; Lauvset, S. K. ; Lefèvre, N. ; Lenton, A. ; Lima, I. D. ; Metzl, N. ; Millero, F. ; Munro, D. R. ; Murata, A. ; Yang, H. ; Ha, M. ; Lee, T. / Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect. Science (New York, N.Y.). American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016. pp. 72-4 (Science (New York, N.Y.)).
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title = "Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect.",
abstract = "Plants buffer increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations through enhanced growth, but the question whether nitrogen availability constrains the magnitude of this ecosystem service remains unresolved. Synthesizing experiments from around the world, we show that CO2 fertilization is best explained by a simple interaction between nitrogen availability and mycorrhizal association. Plant species that associate with ectomycorrhizal fungi show a strong biomass increase (30 ± 3{\%}, P <0.001) in response to elevated CO2 regardless of nitrogen availability, whereas low nitrogen availability limits CO2 fertilization (0 ± 5{\%}, P = 0.946) in plants that associate with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The incorporation of mycorrhizae in global carbon cycle models is feasible, and crucial if we are to accurately project ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change.",
author = "C{\'e}sar Terrer and Sara Vicca and Hungate, {Bruce A} and Phillips, {Richard P} and Prentice, {I Colin} and Qu{\'e}r{\'e}, {C. Le} and R. Moriarty and Andrew, {R. M.} and Canadell, {J. G.} and S. Sitch and Korsbakken, {J. I.} and P. Friedlingstein and Peters, {G. P.} and Andres, {R. J.} and Boden, {T. A.} and Houghton, {R. A.} and House, {J. I.} and Keeling, {R. F.} and P. Tans and A. Arneth and Bakker, {D. C. E.} and L. Barbero and L. Bopp and J. Chang and F. Chevallier and Chini, {L. P.} and P. Ciais and M. Fader and Feely, {R. A.} and T. Gkritzalis and I. Harris and J. Hauck and T. Ilyina and Jain, {A. K.} and E. Kato and V. Kitidis and Goldewijk, {K. Klein} and C. Koven and P. Landsch{\"u}tzer and Lauvset, {S. K.} and N. Lef{\`e}vre and A. Lenton and Lima, {I. D.} and N. Metzl and F. Millero and Munro, {D. R.} and A. Murata and H. Yang and M. Ha and T. Lee",
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Terrer, C, Vicca, S, Hungate, BA, Phillips, RP, Prentice, IC, Quéré, CL, Moriarty, R, Andrew, RM, Canadell, JG, Sitch, S, Korsbakken, JI, Friedlingstein, P, Peters, GP, Andres, RJ, Boden, TA, Houghton, RA, House, JI, Keeling, RF, Tans, P, Arneth, A, Bakker, DCE, Barbero, L, Bopp, L, Chang, J, Chevallier, F, Chini, LP, Ciais, P, Fader, M, Feely, RA, Gkritzalis, T, Harris, I, Hauck, J, Ilyina, T, Jain, AK, Kato, E, Kitidis, V, Goldewijk, KK, Koven, C, Landschützer, P, Lauvset, SK, Lefèvre, N, Lenton, A, Lima, ID, Metzl, N, Millero, F, Munro, DR, Murata, A, Yang, H, Ha, M & Lee, T 2016, Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect. in Science (New York, N.Y.). Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 353, American Association for the Advancement of Science, pp. 72-4. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf4610

Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect. / Terrer, César; Vicca, Sara; Hungate, Bruce A; Phillips, Richard P; Prentice, I Colin; Quéré, C. Le; Moriarty, R.; Andrew, R. M.; Canadell, J. G.; Sitch, S.; Korsbakken, J. I.; Friedlingstein, P.; Peters, G. P.; Andres, R. J.; Boden, T. A.; Houghton, R. A.; House, J. I.; Keeling, R. F.; Tans, P.; Arneth, A.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Barbero, L.; Bopp, L.; Chang, J.; Chevallier, F.; Chini, L. P.; Ciais, P.; Fader, M.; Feely, R. A.; Gkritzalis, T.; Harris, I.; Hauck, J.; Ilyina, T.; Jain, A. K.; Kato, E.; Kitidis, V.; Goldewijk, K. Klein; Koven, C.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, S. K.; Lefèvre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lima, I. D.; Metzl, N.; Millero, F.; Munro, D. R.; Murata, A.; Yang, H.; Ha, M.; Lee, T.

Science (New York, N.Y.). American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016. p. 72-4 (Science (New York, N.Y.); Vol. 353).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect.

AU - Terrer, César

AU - Vicca, Sara

AU - Hungate, Bruce A

AU - Phillips, Richard P

AU - Prentice, I Colin

AU - Quéré, C. Le

AU - Moriarty, R.

AU - Andrew, R. M.

AU - Canadell, J. G.

AU - Sitch, S.

AU - Korsbakken, J. I.

AU - Friedlingstein, P.

AU - Peters, G. P.

AU - Andres, R. J.

AU - Boden, T. A.

AU - Houghton, R. A.

AU - House, J. I.

AU - Keeling, R. F.

AU - Tans, P.

AU - Arneth, A.

AU - Bakker, D. C. E.

AU - Barbero, L.

AU - Bopp, L.

AU - Chang, J.

AU - Chevallier, F.

AU - Chini, L. P.

AU - Ciais, P.

AU - Fader, M.

AU - Feely, R. A.

AU - Gkritzalis, T.

AU - Harris, I.

AU - Hauck, J.

AU - Ilyina, T.

AU - Jain, A. K.

AU - Kato, E.

AU - Kitidis, V.

AU - Goldewijk, K. Klein

AU - Koven, C.

AU - Landschützer, P.

AU - Lauvset, S. K.

AU - Lefèvre, N.

AU - Lenton, A.

AU - Lima, I. D.

AU - Metzl, N.

AU - Millero, F.

AU - Munro, D. R.

AU - Murata, A.

AU - Yang, H.

AU - Ha, M.

AU - Lee, T.

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Plants buffer increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations through enhanced growth, but the question whether nitrogen availability constrains the magnitude of this ecosystem service remains unresolved. Synthesizing experiments from around the world, we show that CO2 fertilization is best explained by a simple interaction between nitrogen availability and mycorrhizal association. Plant species that associate with ectomycorrhizal fungi show a strong biomass increase (30 ± 3%, P <0.001) in response to elevated CO2 regardless of nitrogen availability, whereas low nitrogen availability limits CO2 fertilization (0 ± 5%, P = 0.946) in plants that associate with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The incorporation of mycorrhizae in global carbon cycle models is feasible, and crucial if we are to accurately project ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change.

AB - Plants buffer increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations through enhanced growth, but the question whether nitrogen availability constrains the magnitude of this ecosystem service remains unresolved. Synthesizing experiments from around the world, we show that CO2 fertilization is best explained by a simple interaction between nitrogen availability and mycorrhizal association. Plant species that associate with ectomycorrhizal fungi show a strong biomass increase (30 ± 3%, P <0.001) in response to elevated CO2 regardless of nitrogen availability, whereas low nitrogen availability limits CO2 fertilization (0 ± 5%, P = 0.946) in plants that associate with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The incorporation of mycorrhizae in global carbon cycle models is feasible, and crucial if we are to accurately project ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change.

U2 - 10.1126/science.aaf4610

DO - 10.1126/science.aaf4610

M3 - Chapter

C2 - 27365447

SN - 0196-2892 VO - 42

T3 - Science (New York, N.Y.)

SP - 72

EP - 74

BT - Science (New York, N.Y.)

PB - American Association for the Advancement of Science

ER -

Terrer C, Vicca S, Hungate BA, Phillips RP, Prentice IC, Quéré CL et al. Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO₂ fertilization effect. In Science (New York, N.Y.). American Association for the Advancement of Science. 2016. p. 72-4. (Science (New York, N.Y.)). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf4610