Objectives This study sought to evaluate whether patterns of myocardial change in doxorubicin-induced dilated cardiomyopathy determined using dual-energy computed tomography (CT) were similar to characterization by extracellular volume fraction (ECV) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1-mapping and collagen volume fraction (CVF) measured using histology. Background Anthracycline chemoagents are effective against a wide range of malignant conditions. However, cardiotoxicity is a well-known adverse effect of these drugs. Dual-energy CT could be as useful as magnetic resonance (MR) to evaluate myocardial change in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. Methods A dilated cardiomyopathy rabbit model was generated by injecting 11 adult New Zealand rabbits with 1.0 mg/kg of doxorubicin twice weekly for 16 weeks. Contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT and pre-contrast and post-contrast T1-mapping CMR using a prototype modified Look-Locker inversion recovery on a clinical 3-T scanner were performed on 15 rabbits, including 4 control animals, to calculate ECV at baseline, and at 6, 12, and 16 weeks after doxorubicin administration. Results The mean ECV values (%) on CT and CMR at 6, 12, and 16 weeks after modeling were significantly higher than those measured at baseline (CT ECV: 35.3%, 41.9%, 42.1% vs. 28.5%; MR ECV: 32.6%, 35.8%, 41.3% vs. 28.8%, respectively; all p < 0.001). CT ECV and MR ECV values were well correlated (r = 0.888; p < 0.001). Both were well correlated with CVF on histology (CT ECV vs. CVF, r = 0.925, p < 0.001 and MR ECV vs. CVF, r = 0.961, p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions Dual-energy CT ECV correlated well with CMR and histology. Dual-energy CT is useful for characterizing doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy by measuring ECV fraction; however, further technical improvements are desirable to lower motion artifact and improve image quality of the iodine map.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine