Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the utility of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as a marker of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction after open-lung approach (OLA) in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven patients with ALI/ARDS underwent OLA (2-minute steps of fixed pressure-controlled ventilation with progressive positive end-expiratory pressure levels up to 30 cm H2O, followed by stepwise decrement of positive end-expiratory pressure level by 2 cm H2O). Patients who showed a PaO2/FiO2 increase of more than 50% from baseline were defined as responders. Plasma NT-proBNP levels were taken immediately before OLA and 2 and 6 hours later. A minimum 30% increase in NT-proBNP level from baseline was considered significant. Results: Right-over-left ventricular stroke work ratio and its percentage change did not differ between responders and nonresponders, whereas these values were higher in patients showing NT-proBNP increase (P < .05). The NT-proBNP percentage change correlated with right-over-left ventricular stroke work ratio percentage change (r = 0.83), pulmonary vascular resistance (r = 0.81), and RV ejection fraction (r = -0.79) and correlated with plateau pressure in nonresponders only (r = 0.82). Conclusions: In patients with ALI/ARDS, intraindividual NT-proBNP changes correlated with RV afterload following OLA, thereby serving as a potential marker for RV dysfunction after OLA.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a faculty research grant of the Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, for 2008.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine