Nano-tailoring of infiltrated catalysts for high-temperature solid oxide regenerative fuel cells

Kyung Joong Yoon, Mridula Biswas, Hyo Jin Kim, Mansoo Park, Jongsup Hong, Hyoungchul Kim, Ji Won Son, Jong Ho Lee, Byung Kook Kim, Hae Weon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid oxide regenerative fuel cells (SORFCs), which perform the dual functions of power generation and energy storage at high temperatures, could offer one of the most efficient and environmentally friendly options for future energy management systems. Although the functionality of SORFC electrodes could be significantly improved by reducing the feature size to the nanoscale, the practical use of nanomaterials has been limited in this area due to losses in stability and controllability with increasing temperature. Here, we demonstrate an advanced infiltration technique that allows nanoscale control of highly active and stable catalysts at elevated temperatures. Homogeneous precipitation in chemical solution, which is induced by urea decomposition, promotes crystallization behavior and regulates precursor redistribution, thus allowing the precise tailoring of the phase purity and geometric properties. Controlling the key characteristics of Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (SSC) nanocatalysts yields an electrode that is very close to the ideal electrode structure identified by our modeling study herein. Consequently, outstanding performance and durability are demonstrated in both fuel cell and electrolysis modes. This work highlights a simple, cost-effective and reproducible way to implement thermally stable nanocomponents in SORFCs, and furthermore, it expands opportunities to effectively exploit nanotechnology in a wide range of high-temperature energy devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-20
Number of pages12
JournalNano Energy
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1

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Regenerative fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Catalysts
Electrodes
Temperature
Energy management systems
Crystallization
Controllability
Nanotechnology
Electrolysis
Infiltration
Nanostructured materials
Urea
Energy storage
Power generation
Fuel cells
Durability
Decomposition
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Joong Yoon, Kyung ; Biswas, Mridula ; Kim, Hyo Jin ; Park, Mansoo ; Hong, Jongsup ; Kim, Hyoungchul ; Son, Ji Won ; Lee, Jong Ho ; Kim, Byung Kook ; Lee, Hae Weon. / Nano-tailoring of infiltrated catalysts for high-temperature solid oxide regenerative fuel cells. In: Nano Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 36. pp. 9-20.
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Joong Yoon, K, Biswas, M, Kim, HJ, Park, M, Hong, J, Kim, H, Son, JW, Lee, JH, Kim, BK & Lee, HW 2017, 'Nano-tailoring of infiltrated catalysts for high-temperature solid oxide regenerative fuel cells', Nano Energy, vol. 36, pp. 9-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.04.024

Nano-tailoring of infiltrated catalysts for high-temperature solid oxide regenerative fuel cells. / Joong Yoon, Kyung; Biswas, Mridula; Kim, Hyo Jin; Park, Mansoo; Hong, Jongsup; Kim, Hyoungchul; Son, Ji Won; Lee, Jong Ho; Kim, Byung Kook; Lee, Hae Weon.

In: Nano Energy, Vol. 36, 01.06.2017, p. 9-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Biswas, Mridula

AU - Kim, Hyo Jin

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AU - Hong, Jongsup

AU - Kim, Hyoungchul

AU - Son, Ji Won

AU - Lee, Jong Ho

AU - Kim, Byung Kook

AU - Lee, Hae Weon

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AB - Solid oxide regenerative fuel cells (SORFCs), which perform the dual functions of power generation and energy storage at high temperatures, could offer one of the most efficient and environmentally friendly options for future energy management systems. Although the functionality of SORFC electrodes could be significantly improved by reducing the feature size to the nanoscale, the practical use of nanomaterials has been limited in this area due to losses in stability and controllability with increasing temperature. Here, we demonstrate an advanced infiltration technique that allows nanoscale control of highly active and stable catalysts at elevated temperatures. Homogeneous precipitation in chemical solution, which is induced by urea decomposition, promotes crystallization behavior and regulates precursor redistribution, thus allowing the precise tailoring of the phase purity and geometric properties. Controlling the key characteristics of Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (SSC) nanocatalysts yields an electrode that is very close to the ideal electrode structure identified by our modeling study herein. Consequently, outstanding performance and durability are demonstrated in both fuel cell and electrolysis modes. This work highlights a simple, cost-effective and reproducible way to implement thermally stable nanocomponents in SORFCs, and furthermore, it expands opportunities to effectively exploit nanotechnology in a wide range of high-temperature energy devices.

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