Nanocavity-assisted single-crystalline Ti3+ self-doped blue TiO2(B) as efficient cocatalyst for high selective CO2 photoreduction of g-C3N4

D. P. Kumar, A. P. Rangappa, H. S. Shim, K. H. Do, Y. Hong, M. Gopannagari, K. A.J. Reddy, P. Bhavani, D. A. Reddy, J. K. Song, T. K. Kim

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Two-dimensional (2D) graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has invoked significant interest for photocatalytic applications for its excellent features such as high surface area, visible light absorption, and easy transportation of photogenerated charge carriers, but the most reported g-C3N4 show relatively low photoactivity due to inferior conductivity and rapid recombination of carriers. These can be overcome by inducing porosity in g-C3N4, followed by exfoliation and combining with other materials. Herein, we synthesize nanocavity-assisted oxygen-deficient Ti3+ self-doped blue TiO2(B) nanorods (BT) and integrate them on exfoliated porous g-C3N4 (PCN). The synthesized materials are tested for photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into solar fuels (H2, CO, and CH4). The fabricated BT/PCN heterostructures exhibit higher photocatalytic CO2 conversion activity and 92% CO-evolving selectivity than BT and PCN. The enhancement in activity of BT/PCN can be attributed to the efficient separation and transportation of charge carriers, facilitated by the unique properties of BT, PCN, and their synergistic interactions. We believe that these results can contribute to the improvement of cost-effectiveness, feasibility, and overall performance for real photocatalytic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100827
JournalMaterials Today Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea grants funded by the Korean government (MEST and MSIP) ( 2020H1D3A1A02081461 , 2020R1A4A1017737 , and 2021R1A2C1003767 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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