Nanocomposite microspheres of PLGA/HA with antibiotics for injectable bone-graft materials

Seho Lee, Kwangmahn Kim, Yong Keun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the possibility of an injectable bone substitute consisting of methylcellulose aqueous solutions and poly lactide-co-glycolide acid/hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA) composite microspheres containing sustained releasing antibiotics. HA nanoparticles were synthesized by coprecipitation. PLGA/HA composite microspheres were prepared by oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation with tetracycline. They were mixed with a 2% (w/v) aqueous solution of methylcellulose. The particle size of the composite microspheres increased linearly with increasing PLGA concentration from 17.8±4.5 to 185.4±29.5 μm. As the size of PLGA/HA composite microspheres increased, the content of tetracycline increased from 0.8% to 70.3%. The release rate of tetracycline decreased with increasing size of the composite microspheres. Tetracycline exhibited a burst release with nearly 100% escape within 24 hrs when the PLGA concentration was less than 20%. Sustained continuous release until 2 weeks when PLGA content was 20%. The gelation temperature of methylcellulose can be adjusted to normal body temperature when NaCl content exceeds 5%. PLGA/HA composite microspheres mixed with a methylcellulose aqueous solution was easily and completely ejected through an 18G needle when the mixing ratio was below 100%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-565
Number of pages5
JournalTissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1

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Nanocomposites
Polyglactin 910
Antibiotics
Durapatite
Microspheres
Hydroxyapatite
Grafts
Bone
Methylcellulose
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Tetracycline
Transplants
Bone and Bones
Injections
Acids
Composite materials
Bone Substitutes
Gelation
Coprecipitation
Emulsions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigated the possibility of an injectable bone substitute consisting of methylcellulose aqueous solutions and poly lactide-co-glycolide acid/hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA) composite microspheres containing sustained releasing antibiotics. HA nanoparticles were synthesized by coprecipitation. PLGA/HA composite microspheres were prepared by oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation with tetracycline. They were mixed with a 2{\%} (w/v) aqueous solution of methylcellulose. The particle size of the composite microspheres increased linearly with increasing PLGA concentration from 17.8±4.5 to 185.4±29.5 μm. As the size of PLGA/HA composite microspheres increased, the content of tetracycline increased from 0.8{\%} to 70.3{\%}. The release rate of tetracycline decreased with increasing size of the composite microspheres. Tetracycline exhibited a burst release with nearly 100{\%} escape within 24 hrs when the PLGA concentration was less than 20{\%}. Sustained continuous release until 2 weeks when PLGA content was 20{\%}. The gelation temperature of methylcellulose can be adjusted to normal body temperature when NaCl content exceeds 5{\%}. PLGA/HA composite microspheres mixed with a methylcellulose aqueous solution was easily and completely ejected through an 18G needle when the mixing ratio was below 100{\%}.",
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Nanocomposite microspheres of PLGA/HA with antibiotics for injectable bone-graft materials. / Lee, Seho; Kim, Kwangmahn; Lee, Yong Keun.

In: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 5, 01.11.2010, p. 561-565.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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