Nanogold spacing of stacked graphene nanofibers for supercapacitors

Claire L. Scott, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphene exhibits great potential for energy storage devices in electrochemical supercapacitors as it is a light-weight, inexpensive material. However, as graphene nanomaterials are prone to stacking and therefore blocking electroactive sites, its real capacity is low. Recently, there has been a significant interest in quasi 1D structures of carbon nanofibers with radially oriented graphene sheets, called stacked graphene nanofibers graphite nanofibers or nanoribbons. Such nanofibers exhibit an unparalleled amount of edge sites on their surface. In this study, we use gold nanoparticles as nanospacers for separating stacked graphene nanofibers. We investigate the dependence of the capacitance of stacked graphene nanofiber/nanogold nanocomposites upon the size of gold nanoparticles (2-150nm) and the amount of gold nanospacers in the composite. It was found that properly sized gold nanoparticles (of 40nm) used as nanospacers of both 45nm and 90nm diameter stacked graphene nanofibers can increase the capacitance of nanofibers by three times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-861
Number of pages4
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

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Graphite
Nanofibers
Graphene
Gold
Nanoparticles
Capacitance
Nanoribbons
Carbon nanofibers
Carbon Nanotubes
Supercapacitor
Nanostructured materials
Energy storage
Nanocomposites
Composite materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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Nanogold spacing of stacked graphene nanofibers for supercapacitors. / Scott, Claire L.; Pumera, Martin.

In: Electroanalysis, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.04.2011, p. 858-861.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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