Nanoindentation and Bending Fracture Behavior of Flexible Sulfide Thin Films Grown at Near Room Temperature With in Situ Tensile/Compressive Stress

Da Bin Kim, Seung Min Lee, Jin Woo Jang, Bhaskar Chandra Mohanty, Yong Soo Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Residual stress is known to affect significantly the mechanical fracture behavior of flexible thin films. Here, an in situ chemical deposition process that allows for control of extra compressive or tensile stress in PbS thin films is suggested. This process uses the fixed convex or concave surface of a flexible substrate to impart compressive or tensile stress, respectively, after the releasing step to the flat mode. Using two technical evaluations of mechanical fracture behavior, the existence of extra stress is verified with expected enhancements of the fracture resistance only in the case of compressive stress. For example, a ≈36% improvement of the elastic modulus is confirmed by nanoindentation testing for compressively stressed PbS thin films. The bending fracture resistance is also enhanced for the compressively stressed films, as evidenced by a ≈18.5% improvement in the crack-initiating critical strain and a ≈121% increment in the fracture energy under the bending motion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801329
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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