Nanomaterials as electrochemical detectors in microfluidics and CE: Fundamentals, designs, and applications

Martin Pumera, Alberto Escarpa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

75 Citations (Scopus)


The different approaches for constructing nanomaterial-based detectors for conventional CE and microchip electrophoresis are described in this review. They include three main types of nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles, and nanorods in various designs. The fundamental reasons for the enhanced detection performance of nanomaterial-based detectors, such as higher sensitivity, improved limits of detection, and higher peak capacity, are discussed in detail. Various applications for biomedical, food, and environmental analyses are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3315-3323
Number of pages9
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 4


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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