Nanoporous structure synthesized by selective phase dissolution of AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy and its electrochemical properties as supercapacitor electrode

Kyeongho Kong, J. Hyun, Yongjoo Kim, Wontae Kim, Dohyang Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fabrication of nanoporous metal core/oxide shell structure using equiatomic AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy (HEA) and its electrochemical property as supercapacitor electrode have been investigated in the present study. As-cast AlCoCrFeNi HEA consists of interconnected Al–Ni rich and Cr–Fe rich phases by spinodal phase separation. Nanoporous structure can be obtained by selectively dissolving the Al–Ni rich phase and retaining the remaining Cr–Fe rich phase by passivation in sulfuric acid solution at 313 K. In particular, the scale of nanoporous structure in the present study is predictable since it only depends on the scale of original spinodal-decomposed microstructure in as-cast state. When used as a binder free electrode for supercapacitor, Cr–Fe rich nanoporous structure exhibits high volumetric capacitance of 700 F cm−3 and excellent cycling stability of over 3000 cycle. As the microstructural scale in as-cast state becomes finer, the nanoporous structure exhibits better capacitance properties. The present result shows that Cr–Fe rich nanoporous metal core/oxide shell has a good potential for application as supercapacitor electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226927
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume437
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 15

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electrochemical capacitors
Electrochemical properties
casts
dissolving
Dissolution
Entropy
entropy
Oxides
Electrodes
electrodes
Capacitance
capacitance
Metals
cycles
oxides
sulfuric acid
retaining
Sulfuric acid
Passivation
Phase separation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Nanoporous structure synthesized by selective phase dissolution of AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy and its electrochemical properties as supercapacitor electrode",
abstract = "Fabrication of nanoporous metal core/oxide shell structure using equiatomic AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy (HEA) and its electrochemical property as supercapacitor electrode have been investigated in the present study. As-cast AlCoCrFeNi HEA consists of interconnected Al–Ni rich and Cr–Fe rich phases by spinodal phase separation. Nanoporous structure can be obtained by selectively dissolving the Al–Ni rich phase and retaining the remaining Cr–Fe rich phase by passivation in sulfuric acid solution at 313 K. In particular, the scale of nanoporous structure in the present study is predictable since it only depends on the scale of original spinodal-decomposed microstructure in as-cast state. When used as a binder free electrode for supercapacitor, Cr–Fe rich nanoporous structure exhibits high volumetric capacitance of 700 F cm−3 and excellent cycling stability of over 3000 cycle. As the microstructural scale in as-cast state becomes finer, the nanoporous structure exhibits better capacitance properties. The present result shows that Cr–Fe rich nanoporous metal core/oxide shell has a good potential for application as supercapacitor electrode.",
author = "Kyeongho Kong and J. Hyun and Yongjoo Kim and Wontae Kim and Dohyang Kim",
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Nanoporous structure synthesized by selective phase dissolution of AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy and its electrochemical properties as supercapacitor electrode. / Kong, Kyeongho; Hyun, J.; Kim, Yongjoo; Kim, Wontae; Kim, Dohyang.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 437, 226927, 15.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Nanoporous structure synthesized by selective phase dissolution of AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy and its electrochemical properties as supercapacitor electrode

AU - Kong, Kyeongho

AU - Hyun, J.

AU - Kim, Yongjoo

AU - Kim, Wontae

AU - Kim, Dohyang

PY - 2019/10/15

Y1 - 2019/10/15

N2 - Fabrication of nanoporous metal core/oxide shell structure using equiatomic AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy (HEA) and its electrochemical property as supercapacitor electrode have been investigated in the present study. As-cast AlCoCrFeNi HEA consists of interconnected Al–Ni rich and Cr–Fe rich phases by spinodal phase separation. Nanoporous structure can be obtained by selectively dissolving the Al–Ni rich phase and retaining the remaining Cr–Fe rich phase by passivation in sulfuric acid solution at 313 K. In particular, the scale of nanoporous structure in the present study is predictable since it only depends on the scale of original spinodal-decomposed microstructure in as-cast state. When used as a binder free electrode for supercapacitor, Cr–Fe rich nanoporous structure exhibits high volumetric capacitance of 700 F cm−3 and excellent cycling stability of over 3000 cycle. As the microstructural scale in as-cast state becomes finer, the nanoporous structure exhibits better capacitance properties. The present result shows that Cr–Fe rich nanoporous metal core/oxide shell has a good potential for application as supercapacitor electrode.

AB - Fabrication of nanoporous metal core/oxide shell structure using equiatomic AlCoCrFeNi high entropy alloy (HEA) and its electrochemical property as supercapacitor electrode have been investigated in the present study. As-cast AlCoCrFeNi HEA consists of interconnected Al–Ni rich and Cr–Fe rich phases by spinodal phase separation. Nanoporous structure can be obtained by selectively dissolving the Al–Ni rich phase and retaining the remaining Cr–Fe rich phase by passivation in sulfuric acid solution at 313 K. In particular, the scale of nanoporous structure in the present study is predictable since it only depends on the scale of original spinodal-decomposed microstructure in as-cast state. When used as a binder free electrode for supercapacitor, Cr–Fe rich nanoporous structure exhibits high volumetric capacitance of 700 F cm−3 and excellent cycling stability of over 3000 cycle. As the microstructural scale in as-cast state becomes finer, the nanoporous structure exhibits better capacitance properties. The present result shows that Cr–Fe rich nanoporous metal core/oxide shell has a good potential for application as supercapacitor electrode.

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