Nanostructured silicon/silicide/carbon composite anodes with controllable voids for Li-ion batteries

Inyeong Kang, Juyoung Jang, Moon Soo Kim, Jin Woo Park, Jae Hun Kim, Young Whan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) carbon-network-supported Si/silicide nanocomposite anodes with controllable voids are prepared using ferrosilicon, NaCl, and polyfurfuryl alcohol (PFA) resin as the starting materials. Analysis of the microstructures and the phase compositions confirms the complete removal of NaCl and the consequent formation of voids supported by a glassy carbon network, residing in between the nanostructured Si/silicide composite particles. Coin-half cell tests demonstrate the significantly improved cycling performance of the Si/silicide/carbon nanocomposites compared with that of the alloy powder without controllable voids. The electrode prepared from the coated alloy with voids maintains approximately 66% of its initial capacity after 100 cycles and its Coulombic efficiency rapidly increases to 99% after several cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 15

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Silicon
Nanocomposites
Anodes
Carbon
Glassy carbon
Composite materials
Phase composition
Powders
Alcohols
Resins
Microstructure
Electrodes
Lithium-ion batteries
ferrosilicon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Kang, Inyeong ; Jang, Juyoung ; Kim, Moon Soo ; Park, Jin Woo ; Kim, Jae Hun ; Cho, Young Whan. / Nanostructured silicon/silicide/carbon composite anodes with controllable voids for Li-ion batteries. In: Materials and Design. 2017 ; Vol. 120. pp. 230-237.
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Nanostructured silicon/silicide/carbon composite anodes with controllable voids for Li-ion batteries. / Kang, Inyeong; Jang, Juyoung; Kim, Moon Soo; Park, Jin Woo; Kim, Jae Hun; Cho, Young Whan.

In: Materials and Design, Vol. 120, 15.04.2017, p. 230-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kang, Inyeong

AU - Jang, Juyoung

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AU - Kim, Jae Hun

AU - Cho, Young Whan

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AB - Three-dimensional (3D) carbon-network-supported Si/silicide nanocomposite anodes with controllable voids are prepared using ferrosilicon, NaCl, and polyfurfuryl alcohol (PFA) resin as the starting materials. Analysis of the microstructures and the phase compositions confirms the complete removal of NaCl and the consequent formation of voids supported by a glassy carbon network, residing in between the nanostructured Si/silicide composite particles. Coin-half cell tests demonstrate the significantly improved cycling performance of the Si/silicide/carbon nanocomposites compared with that of the alloy powder without controllable voids. The electrode prepared from the coated alloy with voids maintains approximately 66% of its initial capacity after 100 cycles and its Coulombic efficiency rapidly increases to 99% after several cycles.

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