This article argues that cultural differences can be understood in terms of demographic homophily patterns. We test this argument by comparing friendship homophily in nationality and gender between two cultural groups (Korean and American employees) from within a multi-national corporation. Korean employees showed stronger nationality homophily owing to their collectivistic values. Confucian culture strengthened the gender homophily of the East Asian employees, especially female employees. Finally, compared to the Korean employees, the affective closeness of the US employees' friendship ties was significantly affected by friendship tie multiplexity, showing this group's instrumental disposition.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2010-330-B00100). We are very grateful to Jim Baron, Kwok Leung, Jeff Pfeffer and Ezra Zuckerman for comments on previons versions of this article. We also thank Hongseok Oh for his inputs to crafting the survey questionnaire of this research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Business and International Management
- Sociology and Political Science
- Political Science and International Relations
- Strategy and Management