Native Vacancy Enhanced Oxygen Redox Reversibility and Structural Robustness

Yejing Li, Xuefeng Wang, Yurui Gao, Qinghua Zhang, Guoqiang Tan, Qingyu Kong, Seongmin Bak, Gang Lu, Xiao Qing Yang, Lin Gu, Jun Lu, Khalil Amine, Zhaoxiang Wang, Liquan Chen

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67 Citations (Scopus)


Cathode materials with high energy density, long cycle life, and low cost are of top priority for energy storage systems. The Li-rich transition metal (TM) oxides achieve high specific capacities by redox reactions of both the TM and oxygen ions. However, the poor reversible redox reaction of the anions results in severe fading of the cycling performance. Herein, the vacancy-containing Na4/7[Mn6/7(◻Mn)1/7]O2 (◻Mn for vacancies in the MnO slab) is presented as a novel cathode material for Na-ion batteries. The presence of native vacancies endows this material with attractive properties including high structural flexibility and stability upon Na-ion extraction and insertion and high reversibility of oxygen redox reaction. Synchrotron X-ray absorption near edge structure and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies demonstrate that the charge compensation is dominated by the oxygen redox reaction and Mn3+/Mn4+ redox reaction separately. In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction exhibits its zero-strain feature during the cycling. Density functional theory calculations further deepen the understanding of the charge compensation by oxygen and manganese redox reactions and the immobility of the Mn ions in the material. These findings provide new ideas on searching for and designing materials with high capacity and high structural stability for novel energy storage systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1803087
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 24

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Y.L., X.W., and Z.W. conceived the idea. Y.L. performed the synthesis, electrochemical test, and characterizations of XRD, SEM, XPS, and Raman. Y.G. performed the DFT calculations. Q.Z. performed the STEM. G.T. carried the in situ synchrotron XRD. Q.K. performed the XAS test. Q.K. and S.B. analyzed the XAS data. All the authors contributed to the analysis and discussion of the paper. This work was financially supported by the National Key Development Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB251100) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC Grant No. 51372268). J.L. and K.A. gratefully acknowledge support from the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office. Argonne National Laboratory is operated for DOE Office of Science by UChicago Argonne, LLC, under contract number DE-AC02-06CH11357. The work done at the Brookhaven National Laboratory was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technology Office of the U.S. Department of Energy through the Advanced Battery Materials Research (BMR) program, including Battery500 Consortium under contract no. DE-SC0012704. Y.L. appreciates the discussion with Tongchao Liu from Argonne National lab.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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