This report employed molecular statics simulation and density-functional-theory calculation to study the Poisson's ratios of face-centered-cubic materials. We provide numerical and theoretical evidences to show that cubic materials can exhibit auxetic behavior in a principal direction under proper loading conditions. When a stress perpendicular to the loading direction is applied, cubic materials can exhibit a negative Poisson's ratio at finite strain. The negative Poisson's ratio behavior, including its direction and value, is highly dependent on the direction and magnitude of the transversely applied stresses. As a result, we show that it is possible to tune the direction and magnitude of the negative Poisson's ratio behavior of cubic materials by controlling the transverse loadings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics