Neuroprotective effects of Dioscorea opposita on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in in vivo behavioral tests and in vitro assays

Min Hye Yang, Kee Dong Yoon, Young Won Chin, Ju Hyun Park, Seung Hyun Kim, Young Choong Kim, Jinwoong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Plants belong to the genus Dioscorea have long been used as edible tuber crops in many tropical and subtropical areas and as a traditional herbal medicine in oriental countries including China, Japan and Korea. Aim of the study: In this study, in vivo and in vitro tests were carried out to evaluate the cognitive enhancing effects of CHCl3-soluble extract from Dioscorea opposita against scopolamine-induced amnesic mice and glutamate- and H2O2-treated cortical neurons of rats. Materials, methods and results: Acute treatment (200 mg/kg body weight, p.o.) and 10 days' daily administration (50 mg/kg body weight, p.o.) of CHCl3-soluble extract showed significant spatial learning and memory improvement on mice. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effects on glutamate- and H2O2-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultured cortical neurons of rats were assessed. Pretreatment with the extract was found to impart significant protection against neurotoxicity. Conclusions: These in vivo and in vitro results suggest that the Dioscorea opposita has neuroprotective effects on memory impairment related neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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