Background We aimed to identify the impact of the presence of neutropenia on serum vancomycin concentration (SVC). Methods A retrospective study was conducted from January 2005 to December 2015. The study population was comprised of adult patients who were performed serum concentration of vancomycin. Patients with renal failure or using non-conventional dosages of vancomycin were excluded. Results A total of 1307 adult patients were included in this study, of whom 163 (12.4%) were neutropenic. Patients with neutropenia presented significantly lower SVCs than non-neutropenic patients (P�<�0.0001). Multiple linear regressions showed significant association between neutropenia and trough SVC (beta coefficients, −�2.351; P�=�0.004). Multiple logistic regression analysis also revealed a significant association between sub-therapeutic vancomycin concentrations (trough SVC values�<�10�mg/l) and neutropenia (odds ratio, 1.75, P�=�0.029) Conclusions The presence of neutropenia is significantly associated with low SVC, even after adjusting for other variables. Therefore, neutropenic patients had a higher risk of sub-therapeutic SVC compared with non-neutropenic patients. We recommended that vancomycin therapy should be monitored with TDM-guided optimization of dosage and intervals, especially in neutropenic patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical