Bioactive peptides (BPs) play key roles in regulating cellular metabolism, and are therefore of special interest to the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries. Protein digestion is a major route to production of BPs. Biocatalyst-aided processes are advantageous in that they generate protein hydrolysates with high specificity that are non-immunogenic and resistant to proteolysis in the gastrointestinal tract. On the other hand, these approaches are limited by their high production cost and poor diversity of peptides, as well as the requirement for sophisticated analysis for functional validation and scale-up. The recent development of microbial genome and protein databases, together with in silico analysis, have enabled BP design with bioavailability and the identification of new routes for the isolation of BPs from natural resources. In this review, we focus on recent developments in native BP targeting informatics, novel microbial protease mining, and screening methods, which together will accelerate the development of genome-based microbial routes to therapeutic BPs that promote human health and nutrition.
|Number of pages||32|
|Journal||Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jan 2|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grants NRF-2018R1A2B6005972 to N.J. Kang, 2018M3A9H3025030 to H. Koh, and 2017M3A9F3043852 to D.W. Lee, funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning; and by the Strategic Initiative for Microbiomes in Agriculture and Food grant 918012-4 to D.W. Lee, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal