This study questions why existing local shape descriptors have high dimensionalities (up to hundreds) despite simplicity of local shapes. We derived an answer from a historical context and provided an alternative solution by proposing a new compact descriptor. Although existing descriptors can express complicated shapes and depth sensors have been improved, complex shapes are rarely observed in an ordinary environment and a depth sensor only captures a single side of a surface with noise. Therefore, we designed a new descriptor based on principal curvatures, which is compact but practically useful. For verification, the CoRBS dataset, the RGB-D Scenes dataset and the RGB-D Object dataset were used to compare the proposed descriptor with existing descriptors in terms of shape, instance, and category recognition rate. The proposed descriptor showed a comparable performance with existing descriptors despite its low dimensionality of 4.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering