NgUNC-119, Naegleria homologue of UNC-119, localizes to the flagellar rootlet

Sunglan Chung, Seungmin Kang, Soonyoung Paik, Joo Hun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The UNC-119 family of proteins is ubiquitous in animals. The expression of UNC-119 is prominent in neural tissues including photoreceptor cells. Homologues of UNC-119 are also found in ciliated (or flagellated) single-celled organisms; however, the cellular distribution of this protein in protists is unknown. We cloned and characterized a homologue of unc-119 from the ameboflagellate Naegleria gruberi (Ngunc-119) and identified the cellular distribution of the protein. The Ngunc-119 open reading frame contained 570 nucleotides encoding a protein of 189 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 22.1 kDa, which is similar to that of Paramecium UNC-119 and Trypanosoma UNC-119. These three proteins are 46-48% identical in their amino acid sequences. The smaller NgUNC-119 corresponds to the conserved C-terminal 3/4 of the UNC-119 from multi-cellular organisms. The amino acid sequence of NgUNC-119 is 43-50% identical to that of the conserved C-terminal regions. NgUNC-119 was not found in growing amoebae but accumulated rapidly after the initiation of differentiation into flagellates. Indirect immunofluorescence staining of differentiating N. gruberi showed that NgUNC-119 begins to concentrate at a spot near the nucleus of differentiating cells and then elongates into a filamentous structure. Purification and indirect immunofluorescence staining of the Naegleria flagellar rootlet suggested that NgUNC-119 is a component of the flagellar rootlet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalGene
Volume389
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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