Nickel mono-silicide formation using a photo-thermal process assisted by ultra-violet laser

Sang Min Jung, Jin Hwan Kim, Chul Jin Park, Moo Whan Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Photo-thermal processing assisted by laser irradiation is proposed as a novel method to control the phase of nickel silicide with reduction in the diffusion of nickel into the silicon substrate. The third harmonics of Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser (wavelength, 355 nm) is used for photo-thermal processing. Optical and thermal simulations are performed to obtain an optimum thickness (30 nm) of the nickel film for photo-thermal processing and to predict the temperature profile of the nickel-silicon interface during laser irradiation. It is confirmed that Ni2Si, NiSi and NiSi2 phase are effectively formed at the laser energy densities of 15, 20–40, and 50 mJ/cm2, respectively. We demonstrate that the phases of nickel silicide determined by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses are in good agreement with those predicted by the heat transfer simulation. In addition, undesirable diffusion of nickel into silicon substrate is considerably reduced by instantaneous photo-thermal processing using the nano-second laser (pulse duration, 6 ns).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-268
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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