Photo-thermal processing assisted by laser irradiation is proposed as a novel method to control the phase of nickel silicide with reduction in the diffusion of nickel into the silicon substrate. The third harmonics of Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser (wavelength, 355 nm) is used for photo-thermal processing. Optical and thermal simulations are performed to obtain an optimum thickness (30 nm) of the nickel film for photo-thermal processing and to predict the temperature profile of the nickel-silicon interface during laser irradiation. It is confirmed that Ni2Si, NiSi and NiSi2 phase are effectively formed at the laser energy densities of 15, 20–40, and 50 mJ/cm2, respectively. We demonstrate that the phases of nickel silicide determined by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses are in good agreement with those predicted by the heat transfer simulation. In addition, undesirable diffusion of nickel into silicon substrate is considerably reduced by instantaneous photo-thermal processing using the nano-second laser (pulse duration, 6 ns).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering