NOD-like receptors in infection, immunity, and diseases

YoungKeun Kim, Jeon Soo Shin, Moon H. Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) are pattern-recognition receptors similar to toll-like receptors (TLRs). While TLRs are transmembrane receptors, NLRs are cytoplasmic receptors that play a crucial role in the innate immune response by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Based on their N-terminal domain, NLRs are divided into four subfamilies: NLRA, NLRB, NLRC, and NLRP. NLRs can also be divided into four broad functional categories: inflammasome assembly, signaling transduction, transcription activation, and autophagy. In addition to recognizing PAMPs and DAMPs, NLRs act as a key regulator of apoptosis and early development. Therefore, there are significant associations between NLRs and various diseases related to infection and immunity. NLR studies have recently begun to unveil the roles of NLRs in diseases such as gout, cryopyrin-associated periodic fever syndromes, and Crohn’s disease. As these new associations between NRLs and diseases may improve our understanding of disease pathogenesis and lead to new approaches for the prevention and treatment of such diseases, NLRs are becoming increasingly relevant to clinicians. In this review, we provide a concise overview of NLRs and their role in infection, immunity, and disease, particularly from clinical perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-14
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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Immunity
Nucleotides
Infection
Toll-Like Receptors
Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes
Inflammasomes
Pattern Recognition Receptors
NLR Proteins
Gout
Autophagy
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Innate Immunity
Crohn Disease
Transcriptional Activation
Fever
Apoptosis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kim, YoungKeun ; Shin, Jeon Soo ; Nahm, Moon H. / NOD-like receptors in infection, immunity, and diseases. In: Yonsei medical journal. 2016 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 5-14.
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NOD-like receptors in infection, immunity, and diseases. / Kim, YoungKeun; Shin, Jeon Soo; Nahm, Moon H.

In: Yonsei medical journal, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 5-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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