Purpose: There are various patterns in determining the choice of the first-line antithrombotic agent for acute stroke with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. We investigated the efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants as first-line antithrombotics for patients with acute stroke and non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Materials and Methods: Patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack within 24 h from stroke onset were included. On the basis of the first regimen used and the regimen within 7 days after admission, the study population was divided into three groups: 1) antiplatelet switched to warfarin (A-W), 2) antiplatelet switched to NOAC (A-N), and 3) NOAC only (N only). We compared the occurrence of early neurologic deterioration, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, systemic bleeding, and poor functional outcome at 90 days. Results: Of 314 included patients, 164, 53, and 97 were classified into the A-W, A-N, and N only groups, respectively. Early neurologic deterioration was most frequently observed in the A-W group (9.1%), followed by the A-N (5.7%) and N only (1.0%) groups (p = 0.017). Multivariable analysis adjusting for potential confounders demonstrated that the N only group was independently associated with a lower rate of early neurologic deterioration (odds ratio [OR] 0.104, 95% CI 0.013-0.831) or poor functional outcome at 90 days (OR 0.450, 95% CI 0.215-0.940) than the A-W group. However, the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage or any systemic bleeding event did not differ among the groups. Conclusion: Using non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants as the first-line regimen for acute ischemic stroke may help prevent early neurologic deterioration without increasing the bleeding risk.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Sep|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was financially supported by the “Dongwha” Faculty Research Assistance Program of Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2019-0191).
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine