Noncommunicable diseases

Current status of major modifiable risk factors in Korea

HyeonChang Kim, Sun Min Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A noncommunicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is by definition non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. Currently, NCDs are the leading causes of death and disease burden worldwide. The four main types of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, and diabetes, result in more than 30 million deaths annually. To reduce the burden of NCDs on global health, current public health actions stress the importance of preventing, detecting, and correcting modifiable risk factors; controlling major modifiable risk factors has been shown to effectively reduce NCD mortality. The World Health Organization's World Health Report 2002 identified tobacco use, alcohol consumption, overweight, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol as the most important risk factors for NCDs. Accordingly, the present report set out to review the prevalence and trends of these modifiable risk factors in the Korean population. Over the past few decades, we observed significant risk factor modifications of improved blood pressure control and decreased smoking rate. However, hypertension and cigarette smoking remained the most contributable factors of NCDs in the Korean population. Moreover, other major modifiable risk factors show no improvement or even worsened. The current status and trends in major modifiable risk factors reinforce the importance of prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors in reducing the burden of NCDs on individuals and society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 1

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Korea
Smoking
Hypertension
Tobacco Use
Alcohol Drinking
Population
Lung Diseases
Cause of Death
Lung Neoplasms
Chronic Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases
Public Health
Cholesterol
Blood Pressure
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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Noncommunicable diseases : Current status of major modifiable risk factors in Korea. / Kim, HyeonChang; Oh, Sun Min.

In: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 46, No. 4, 01.07.2013, p. 165-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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