The early noninvasive detection of crown microleakage is very important for tooth maintenance and preservation. A crown margin in a subgingival position combined with the obscuring effect of a ceramic crown make it difficult to diagnose microleakage using traditional methods such as visual-tactile examinations and radiography. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology for diagnosing microleakage in an all-ceramic crown noninvasively. In this study the red fluorescence glow was detected through a crown wall using the Qraycam QLF device (AIOBIO, Seoul, Republic of Korea). No abnormalities were detected by a visual examination, whereas the Qraycam device revealed both strong red fluorescence and fluorescence loss in suspicious lesions, which were confirmed after crown removal. It was possible to determine that the carious lesions inside the crown were related to bacteria-induced microleakage. After performing caries removal and crown reattachment, the red fluorescence glow was no longer detected. QLF examinations made it easy to identify the presence of microleakage in an all-ceramic crown noninvasively based on red fluorescence. These findings indicate that QLF technology can be effectively applied to provide objective evidence for detecting microleakage and diagnosing carious lesions inside an all-ceramic crown noninvasively.
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© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)