OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of three-dimensional coronary angiography obtained with electron beam CT in the assessment of the patency of coronary artery bypass grafts. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Twenty-five patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included. All patients underwent electron beam CT and conventional coronary angiography for the evaluation of the status of their bypass grafts. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the heart and bypass grafts were compared with selective angiographic images of the bypass grafts. RESULTS. Fifty-seven saphenous vein grafts and 22 left internal mammary artery grafts were evaluated for occlusion or patency. Sensitivity and specificity of electron beam CT in revealing left internal mammary artery patency were 80% and 82.4%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of electron beam CT in revealing saphenous vein graft patency were 91.7% and 91.1%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of electron beam CT for evaluating saphenous vein grafts according to coronary area were as follows: saphenous vein grafts to left anterior descending artery, 100% and 100%, respectively; to diagonal branch, 100% and 100%; to left circumflex artery, 100% and 88.9%; and to fight coronary artery, 75% and 85.7%. CONCLUSION. Three-dimensional coronary angiography obtained with electron beam CT is a promising, useful, and relatively accurate diagnostic imaging technique for the evaluation of graft patency in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging