We demonstrated time-dependent mass transport mechanisms of Au-assisted chemical etching of Si substrates. Variations in the etch rate and surface topology were correlated with catalyst features and etching duration. Nonlinear etching characteristics were associated with the formation of pinholes and whiskers. Variable rates of mass transport as a function of whisker density accounted for the nonlinear etch rates of Si. Nanopinholes on Au catalysts facilitated the vertical mass transport of reactants and byproducts, which dramatically changed the etch rate, surface topology, and porosity of Si. The suggested transport models describe the transient mass transport and the corresponding chemical reactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)