Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) can convert a mechanical energy input to an electric energy output through Maxwell's displacement current. By increasing the electrical output and overcoming the mechanical limitations of TENGs, such devices can be used as an auxiliary power source for portable electronics. Nevertheless, the generation mechanism and structure must be optimized to compensate for the electrical and mechanical limitations of TENGs. This paper reports on a nonpolar liquid lubricant submerged TENG (LLS-TENG), which can overcome the existing electrical and mechanical limitations of the TENG. When a nonpolar liquid lubricant is filled in the LLS-TENG, the air breakdown can be effectively blocked owing to the large Debye length of such lubricants. In addition, the rolling friction and lubrication present in the LLS-TENG can significantly reduce the friction wear of the device. Consequently, the LLS-TENG can charge a commercial capacitor and battery by generating a high voltage and current output of up to 200 V and 170 mA, respectively.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S.‐H.C. and J.C. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIT) (No.2020R1A2C1010829), and Nano Material Technology Development Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF‐2016M3A7B4910532).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)