Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability

Jun Mo Koo, Hojun Kim, Minkyung Lee, Seul A. Park, Hyeonyeol Jeon, Sung Ho Shin, Seon Mi Kim, Hyun Gil Cha, Jonggeon Jegal, Byeong Su Kim, Bong Gill Choi, Sung Yeon Hwang, Dongyeop X. Oh, Jeyoung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aramid nanofibers (ANFs), typically produced by exfoliating aramid microfibers (Kevlar) in alkaline media, exhibit excellent mechanical properties and have therefore attracted increased attention as nanoscale building blocks. However, the preparation of aramid microfibers involves laborious and hazardous processes, which limits the industrial-scale use of ANFs. This work describes a facile and direct monomer-to-ANF synthesis via an as-synthesized intermediate low-molecular-weight poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) without requiring the environmentally destructive acids and high-order shearing processes. Under the employed conditions, PPTA immediately dissociates and self-assembles into ANFs within a time period of 15 h, which is much shorter than the time of 180 h (not including the Kevlar preparation time) required for the Kevlar-to-ANF conversion. Interestingly, the fabricated ANFs exhibit nanoscale dimensions and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) reinforcing effects similar to those of Kevlar-derived ANFs; i.e., a 1.5-fold TPU toughness improvement and a maximum ultimate tensile strength of 84 MPa are achieved at an ANF content of only 0.04 wt %. Remarkable reinforcement ability investigated by comprehensive analytical data comes from ANFs, which disturb ordered hydrogen bonding in hard segments and induce strain hardening along the elongation pathway. Thus, the developed approach paves the way to industrial-scale production of ANFs and related nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-934
Number of pages12
JournalMacromolecules
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 12

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Nanofibers
Reinforcement
Monomers
Polyurethanes
Thermoplastics
Shearing
Strain hardening
Toughness
Elongation
Nanocomposites
Hydrogen bonds
Tensile strength
Molecular weight
Mechanical properties
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Koo, J. M., Kim, H., Lee, M., Park, S. A., Jeon, H., Shin, S. H., ... Park, J. (2019). Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability. Macromolecules, 52(3), 923-934. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.8b02391
Koo, Jun Mo ; Kim, Hojun ; Lee, Minkyung ; Park, Seul A. ; Jeon, Hyeonyeol ; Shin, Sung Ho ; Kim, Seon Mi ; Cha, Hyun Gil ; Jegal, Jonggeon ; Kim, Byeong Su ; Choi, Bong Gill ; Hwang, Sung Yeon ; Oh, Dongyeop X. ; Park, Jeyoung. / Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability. In: Macromolecules. 2019 ; Vol. 52, No. 3. pp. 923-934.
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abstract = "Aramid nanofibers (ANFs), typically produced by exfoliating aramid microfibers (Kevlar) in alkaline media, exhibit excellent mechanical properties and have therefore attracted increased attention as nanoscale building blocks. However, the preparation of aramid microfibers involves laborious and hazardous processes, which limits the industrial-scale use of ANFs. This work describes a facile and direct monomer-to-ANF synthesis via an as-synthesized intermediate low-molecular-weight poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) without requiring the environmentally destructive acids and high-order shearing processes. Under the employed conditions, PPTA immediately dissociates and self-assembles into ANFs within a time period of 15 h, which is much shorter than the time of 180 h (not including the Kevlar preparation time) required for the Kevlar-to-ANF conversion. Interestingly, the fabricated ANFs exhibit nanoscale dimensions and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) reinforcing effects similar to those of Kevlar-derived ANFs; i.e., a 1.5-fold TPU toughness improvement and a maximum ultimate tensile strength of 84 MPa are achieved at an ANF content of only 0.04 wt {\%}. Remarkable reinforcement ability investigated by comprehensive analytical data comes from ANFs, which disturb ordered hydrogen bonding in hard segments and induce strain hardening along the elongation pathway. Thus, the developed approach paves the way to industrial-scale production of ANFs and related nanocomposites.",
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Koo, JM, Kim, H, Lee, M, Park, SA, Jeon, H, Shin, SH, Kim, SM, Cha, HG, Jegal, J, Kim, BS, Choi, BG, Hwang, SY, Oh, DX & Park, J 2019, 'Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability', Macromolecules, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 923-934. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.8b02391

Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability. / Koo, Jun Mo; Kim, Hojun; Lee, Minkyung; Park, Seul A.; Jeon, Hyeonyeol; Shin, Sung Ho; Kim, Seon Mi; Cha, Hyun Gil; Jegal, Jonggeon; Kim, Byeong Su; Choi, Bong Gill; Hwang, Sung Yeon; Oh, Dongyeop X.; Park, Jeyoung.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 52, No. 3, 12.02.2019, p. 923-934.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Nonstop Monomer-to-Aramid Nanofiber Synthesis with Remarkable Reinforcement Ability

AU - Koo, Jun Mo

AU - Kim, Hojun

AU - Lee, Minkyung

AU - Park, Seul A.

AU - Jeon, Hyeonyeol

AU - Shin, Sung Ho

AU - Kim, Seon Mi

AU - Cha, Hyun Gil

AU - Jegal, Jonggeon

AU - Kim, Byeong Su

AU - Choi, Bong Gill

AU - Hwang, Sung Yeon

AU - Oh, Dongyeop X.

AU - Park, Jeyoung

PY - 2019/2/12

Y1 - 2019/2/12

N2 - Aramid nanofibers (ANFs), typically produced by exfoliating aramid microfibers (Kevlar) in alkaline media, exhibit excellent mechanical properties and have therefore attracted increased attention as nanoscale building blocks. However, the preparation of aramid microfibers involves laborious and hazardous processes, which limits the industrial-scale use of ANFs. This work describes a facile and direct monomer-to-ANF synthesis via an as-synthesized intermediate low-molecular-weight poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) without requiring the environmentally destructive acids and high-order shearing processes. Under the employed conditions, PPTA immediately dissociates and self-assembles into ANFs within a time period of 15 h, which is much shorter than the time of 180 h (not including the Kevlar preparation time) required for the Kevlar-to-ANF conversion. Interestingly, the fabricated ANFs exhibit nanoscale dimensions and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) reinforcing effects similar to those of Kevlar-derived ANFs; i.e., a 1.5-fold TPU toughness improvement and a maximum ultimate tensile strength of 84 MPa are achieved at an ANF content of only 0.04 wt %. Remarkable reinforcement ability investigated by comprehensive analytical data comes from ANFs, which disturb ordered hydrogen bonding in hard segments and induce strain hardening along the elongation pathway. Thus, the developed approach paves the way to industrial-scale production of ANFs and related nanocomposites.

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