A novel alignment method for control of high pretilt angle in nematic liquid crystals (NLC), using a solvent dipping effect on various alignment layers, was successfully investigated. The pretilt angle of a NLC is increased by dipping before rubbing treatment on three kinds of rubbed polyimide (PI) surfaces. The pretilt generated by the dipping after rubbing a PI surface with a short side chain is high compared with a PI surface with a long side chain. The pretilt generated by dipping before rubbing homeotropic layer of a positive type NLC (δε > 0) is lower than that of the negative type NLC (δε < 0). The generated NLC pretilt angle is attributed to the perpendicular component of the permittivity epsilon of the NLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics