Purpose: The osseointegration around titanium mini-implants installed in macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate (MBCP) blocks was evaluated after incubation with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an ectopic subcutaneous rat model. Methods: Mini-implants (φ.8×12 mm) were installed in MBCP blocks (bMBCPs, 4×5×15 mm) loaded with rhBMP-2 at 0.1 mg/mL, and then implanted for 8 weeks into subcutaneous pockets of male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=10). A histomorphometric analysis was performed, and the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone density were evaluated. Results: Significant osteoinductive activity was induced in the rhBMP-2/bMBCP group. The percentage of BIC was 41.23 t 4.13% (mean ± standard deviation), while bone density was 33.47 ±5.73%. In contrast, no bone formation was observed in the bMBCP only group. Conclusions: This model represents a more standardized tool for analyzing osseointegration and bone healing along the implant surface and in bMBCPs that excludes various healing factors derived from selected animals and defect models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery