Novel experimental setup for megahertz X-ray diffraction in a diamond anvil cell at the High Energy Density (HED) instrument of the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL)

H. P. Liermann, Z. Konopkova, K. Appel, C. Prescher, A. Schropp, V. Cerantola, R. J. Husband, J. D. McHardy, M. I. McMahon, R. S. McWilliams, C. M. Pepin, J. Mainberger, M. Roeper, A. Berghauser, H. Damker, P. Talkovski, M. Foese, N. Kujala, O. B. Ball, M. A. BaronR. Briggs, M. Bykov, E. Bykova, J. Chantel, A. L. Coleman, H. Cynn, D. Dattelbaum, L. E. Dresselhaus-Marais, J. H. Eggert, L. Ehm, W. J. Evans, G. Fiquet, M. Frost, K. Glazyrin, A. F. Goncharov, H. Hwang, Zs Jenei, J. Y. Kim, F. Langenhorst, Y. Lee, M. Makita, H. Marquardt, E. E. McBride, S. Merkel, G. Morard, E. F. O'Bannon, C. Otzen, E. J. Pace, A. Pelka, J. S. Pigott, V. B. Prakapenka, R. Redmer, C. Sanchez-Valle, M. Schoelmerich, S. Speziale, G. Spiekermann, B. T. Sturtevant, S. Toleikis, N. Velisavljevic, M. Wilke, C. S. Yoo, C. Baehtz, U. Zastrau, C. Strohm

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The high-precision X-ray diffraction setup for work with diamond anvil cells (DACs) in interaction chamber 2 (IC2) of the High Energy Density instrument of the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser is described. This includes beamline optics, sample positioning and detector systems located in the multipurpose vacuum chamber. Concepts for pump-probe X-ray diffraction experiments in the DAC are described and their implementation demonstrated during the First User Community Assisted Commissioning experiment. X-ray heating and diffraction of Bi under pressure, obtained using 20 fs X-ray pulses at 17.8 keV and 2.2 MHz repetition, is illustrated through splitting of diffraction peaks, and interpreted employing finite element modeling of the sample chamber in the DAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-706
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research leading to these results has been supported by the project CALIPSOplus under Grant Agreement 730872 from the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation HORIZON 2020. KA, MaF, KG, RJH, ZK, HPL, RR, CSV and MS thank the DFG for support within the Research Unit FOR 2440. YL is grateful for support from the Leader Researcher program (NRF-2018R1A3B1052042) of the Korean Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT). Part of this work was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344, and by the US Department of Energy through the Los Alamos National Laboratory, operated by Triad National Security LLC for the National Nuclear Security Administration (Contract No. 89233218CNA000001). Research presented in this article was supported by the US Department of Energy Laboratory Directed Research and Development program at Los Alamos National Laboratory under project No. 20190643DR and at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. Support is acknowledged from the Panofsky Fellowship at SLAC (awarded to EEM), the DOE Office of Fusion Energy Science funding No. FWP100182 (MF and EEM), EPSRC Grants EP/P024513/1 (RSM) and EP/ R02927X/1 (EJP and MIM), and the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme for grant agreements Nos. 670787 (GF, MAB, and GM) and 864877 (HM). SM and JC acknowledge support from the I-SITE ULNE project MetalCore (R-ERCGEN-19-006-MERKEL). CSY acknowledges the US DOE-NNSA (DE-NA0003342), National Science Foundation (DMR-1701360) and Army Research Office (W911NF-17-1-0468). MB and AFG acknowledge support from the Army Research Office under Cooperative Agreement No. W911NF-19-2-0172. VBP acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation – Earth Sciences (EAR-1634415).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 International Union of Crystallography. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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