Novel synthesis of layered LiNi1/2Mn1/2O2 as cathode material for lithium rechargeable cells

S. Gopukumar, Kyung Yoon Chung, Kwang Bum Kim

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Abstract

A new solution combustion synthesis of layered LiNi0.5Mn 0.5O2 involving the reactions of LiNO3, Mn(NO3)2, NiNO3, and glycine as starting materials is reported. TG/DTA studies were performed on the gel-precursor and suggest the formation of the layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O 2 at low temperatures. The synthesized material was annealed at various temperatures, viz., 250, 400, 600, and 850°C, characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and reveals the formation of single phase crystalline LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 at 850°C. The morphology of the synthesized material has been investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and suggests the formation of sub-micron particles. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies on the synthesized LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 powders indicate that the oxidation states of nickel and manganese are +2 and +4, respectively. Electrochemical galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling behavior of Li//LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 cell using 1M LiPF6 in EC/DMC as electrolyte exhibited stable capacities of ∼ 125mAh/g in the voltage ranges 2.8-4.3V and 3.0-4.6V and is comparable to literature reports using high temperature synthesis route. The capacity remains stable even after 20 cycles. The layered LiNi0.5Mn 0.5O2 powders synthesized by this novel route have several advantages as compared to its conventional synthesis techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-810
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 25

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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