The purification of nitrogen-containing gas mixtures, natural/shale gas, and dry air calls for economically viable adsorptive separation processes involving an adsorbent with a higher affinity for N2 over hydrocarbons and oxygen. This led to the discovery of a new class of unprecedented N2-selective metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with coordinatively unsaturated chromium(III) sites, e.g., MIL-100(Cr) (MIL: Materials of Institut Lavoisier). Following this preliminary study, here grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations identified MIL-101(Cr), an analogue of MIL-100(Cr), as another N2-selective adsorbent from mixtures of both CH4-N2 (natural gas purification) and O2-N2 (air purification). This prediction was further compared to single gas adsorption and breakthrough separation experiments. It was evidenced that only the more energetic coordinatively unsaturated chromium sites released using an activation temperature of 523 K are responsible for the N2-selective behavior of MIL-101(Cr). The separation mechanisms were then elucidated at the molecular-level, and this emphasized the central role played by the concentration of coordinatively unsaturated chromium(III) sites in MIL-101(Cr) that can be controlled by the activation temperature of the sample.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research leading to these results has received funding from the ANR Chesdens. G.M. thanks the Institut Universitaire de France for its support. Korean authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Global Frontier Center for Hybrid Interface Materials (FGHIM, grant number NRF-2013M3A6B1078879) and the R&D Convergence Program (CRC-14-1-KRICT) of MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning) and NST (National Research Council of Science & Technology) of Republic of Korea. We thank Dr. Ji Sun Lee and Ms. Su-Kyung Lee for their experimental assistance, Dr. M. Daturi from LCS, ENSICAEN-France for the IR measurements, and Dr. C. Serre from IMAP ENS-ESPCI-France for fruitful discussion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films