This paper proposes a novel method for controlling the boiling phenomena of a thermally heterogeneous field on a surface. To achieve thermal heterogeneity, we used a heat flux gradient. The control method is based on radial pitch control of the patterned wettability using hydrophobic dots. The area fraction of the hydrophobic dots was set to be small near the center of the hot-spot and large in the marginal region. Consequently, the boiling phenomena at the center changed from a film boiling regime to a nucleate boiling regime. Compared with an uncontrolled surface, the critical heat flux was enhanced at the center region, and the heat transfer rate was enhanced at the marginal region. Pitch control prevents film generation at the center and film propagation over the whole surface, thus enhancing the overall critical heat flux of the whole surface.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sep 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by the Mid-Career Researcher Programs ( NRF-2013R1A2A2A01015333 , NRF-2015R1A2A1A15056182 ) and by the Advanced Research Center Program ( NRF-2015R1A5A1037668 ) through a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP).
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes