Numerical investigation of a dual-loop EGR split strategy using a split index and multi-objective Pareto optimization

Jungsoo Park, Soonho Song, Kyo Seung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A proposed dual-loop exhaust-gas recirculation (EGR) system that combines the features of high-pressure (HP) and low-pressure (LP) systems is considered a key technology for improving the combustion behavior of diesel engines. The fraction of HP and LP flows, known as the EGR split, for a given dual-loop EGR rate play an important role in determining the engine performance and emission characteristics. Therefore, identifying the proper EGR split is important for the engine optimization and calibration processes, which affect the EGR response and deNOX efficiencies. The objective of this research was to develop a dual-loop EGR split strategy using numerical analysis and one-dimensional (1D) cycle simulation. A control system was modeled by coupling the 1D cycle simulation and the control logic. An EGR split index was developed to investigate the HP/LP split effects on the engine performance and emissions. Using the model-based control system, a multi-objective Pareto (MOP) analysis was used to minimize the NOX formation and fuel consumption through optimized engine operating parameters. The MOP analysis was performed using a response surface model extracted from Latin hypercube sampling as a fractional factorial design of experiment. By using an LP rich dual-loop EGR, a high EGR rate was attained at low, medium, and high engine speeds, increasing the applicable load ranges compared to base conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Energy
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 5

Fingerprint

Exhaust gas recirculation
engine
Engines
low pressure
control system
Control systems
index
exhaust gas
low pressure system
Pressure effects
diesel engine
fuel consumption
Fuel consumption
Design of experiments
simulation
Diesel engines
Numerical analysis
combustion
Calibration
Sampling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "A proposed dual-loop exhaust-gas recirculation (EGR) system that combines the features of high-pressure (HP) and low-pressure (LP) systems is considered a key technology for improving the combustion behavior of diesel engines. The fraction of HP and LP flows, known as the EGR split, for a given dual-loop EGR rate play an important role in determining the engine performance and emission characteristics. Therefore, identifying the proper EGR split is important for the engine optimization and calibration processes, which affect the EGR response and deNOX efficiencies. The objective of this research was to develop a dual-loop EGR split strategy using numerical analysis and one-dimensional (1D) cycle simulation. A control system was modeled by coupling the 1D cycle simulation and the control logic. An EGR split index was developed to investigate the HP/LP split effects on the engine performance and emissions. Using the model-based control system, a multi-objective Pareto (MOP) analysis was used to minimize the NOX formation and fuel consumption through optimized engine operating parameters. The MOP analysis was performed using a response surface model extracted from Latin hypercube sampling as a fractional factorial design of experiment. By using an LP rich dual-loop EGR, a high EGR rate was attained at low, medium, and high engine speeds, increasing the applicable load ranges compared to base conditions.",
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Numerical investigation of a dual-loop EGR split strategy using a split index and multi-objective Pareto optimization. / Park, Jungsoo; Song, Soonho; Lee, Kyo Seung.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 142, 05.03.2015, p. 21-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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