In non-aqueous Li–air batteries, the liquid electrolytes penetrate the porous media such as carbon nanotube (CNT) paper structure, transport dissolved substances such as oxygen, and play a role in generating reactants on the surface of the porous media. Although the trapped air generated during the electrolyte penetration process could affect the oxygen transport and performance of the battery, this issue has not been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, in this study, the patterns of electrolyte penetration and air entrapment in porous media were investigated through numerical analysis. A multi-relaxation time color-gradient lattice Boltzmann method was employed for modeling. Based on a two-phase flow simulation in porous media, electrolyte penetration and trapped-air saturation were analyzed in terms of porosity, wettability, and viscosity ratio. The porosity and viscosity ratio did not considerably affect the trapped-air saturation, whereas wettability had a significant effect on the aforementioned parameter. In addition, for each variable, an increase in the effective diffusive coefficient corresponded to increased porosity and hydrophilicity, as well as an improved viscosity ratio.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Medical Device Development Fund grand funded by the Korea government (The Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, the Ministry of Health & Welfare, the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety) (KMDF_PR_20200901_0104, 9991007267).
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Modelling and Simulation