Technologies that use optical force to actively control particles in microchannels are a significant area of research interest in various fields. An optical force is generated by the momentum change caused by the refraction and reflection of light, which changes the particle surface as a function of the angle of incidence of light and which in turn feeds back and modifies the force on the particle. Simulating this phenomenon is a complex task. The deformation of a particle, the interaction between the surrounding fluid and the particle, and the reflection and refraction of light should be analyzed simultaneously. Herein, a deformable particle in a microchannel subjected to optical interactions is simulated using the three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann immersed-boundary method. The laser from the optical source is analyzed by dividing it into individual rays. To calculate the optical forces exerted on the particle, the intensity, momentum, and ray direction are calculated. The optical-separator problem with one optical source is analyzed by measuring the distance traveled because of the optical force. The optical-stretcher problem with two optical sources is then studied by analyzing the relation between the intensity of the optical source and particle deformation. This simulation will help the design of sorting and measuring by optical force.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics