An emulsion system was simulated under simple shear rates to analyse its rheological characteristics using the lattice Boltzmann method. The relative viscosity of an emulsion under a simple shear flow along with changes in temperature, shear rate, surfactant concentration and droplet size was calculated. The relative viscosity of emulsions decreased with increase in temperature. The shear thinning phenomena explaining the inverse proportion between shear rate and viscosity were observed. An increase in the surfactant concentration caused an increase in the relative viscosity for a decane-in-water emulsion, because the increased deformation caused by the decreased interfacial tension significantly influenced the wall shear stress. An increase in droplet size caused a decrease in the relative viscosity and smaller shear thinning behaviour because of decreased aggregational and repulsive forces within the emulsion system.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics