Obesity in the transition to adulthood: Predictions across race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and sex

Kathleen Mullan Harris, Krista M. Perreira, Dohoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To trace how racial/ethnic and immigrant disparities in body mass index (BMI) change over time as adolescents (age, 11-19 years) transition to young adulthood (age, 20-28 years). Design: We used growth curve modeling to estimate the pattern of change in BMI from adolescence through the transition to adulthood. Setting: All participants in the study were residents of the United States enrolled in junior high school or high school during the 1994-1995 school year. Participants: More than 20 000 adolescents from nationally representative data interviewed at wave I (1994-1995) and followed up in wave II (1996) and III (2001-2002) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health when the sample was in early adulthood. Main Exposures: Race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and sex. Outcome Measure: Body mass index. Results: Findings indicate significant differences in both the level and change in BMI across age by sex, race/ ethnicity, and immigrant generation. Females, secondand third-generation immigrants, and Hispanic and black individuals experience more rapidly increasing BMIs from adolescence into young adulthood. Increases in BMI are relatively lower for males, first-generation immigrants, and white and Asian individuals. Conclusion: Disparities in BMI and prevalence of overweight and obesity widen with age as adolescents leavehome and begin independent lives as young adults in their 20s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1028
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume163
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1

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Body Mass Index
Obesity
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Hispanic Americans
Young Adult
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: To trace how racial/ethnic and immigrant disparities in body mass index (BMI) change over time as adolescents (age, 11-19 years) transition to young adulthood (age, 20-28 years). Design: We used growth curve modeling to estimate the pattern of change in BMI from adolescence through the transition to adulthood. Setting: All participants in the study were residents of the United States enrolled in junior high school or high school during the 1994-1995 school year. Participants: More than 20 000 adolescents from nationally representative data interviewed at wave I (1994-1995) and followed up in wave II (1996) and III (2001-2002) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health when the sample was in early adulthood. Main Exposures: Race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and sex. Outcome Measure: Body mass index. Results: Findings indicate significant differences in both the level and change in BMI across age by sex, race/ ethnicity, and immigrant generation. Females, secondand third-generation immigrants, and Hispanic and black individuals experience more rapidly increasing BMIs from adolescence into young adulthood. Increases in BMI are relatively lower for males, first-generation immigrants, and white and Asian individuals. Conclusion: Disparities in BMI and prevalence of overweight and obesity widen with age as adolescents leavehome and begin independent lives as young adults in their 20s.",
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Obesity in the transition to adulthood : Predictions across race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and sex. / Harris, Kathleen Mullan; Perreira, Krista M.; Lee, Dohoon.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 163, No. 11, 01.11.2009, p. 1022-1028.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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