Observation of large CP violation and evidence for direct CP violation in B0 → π+ π- decays

K. Abe, K. Abe, N. Abe, T. Abe, I. Adachi, H. Aihara, K. Akai, M. Akatsu, M. Akemoto, Y. Asano, T. Aso, V. Aulchenko, T. Aushev, A. M. Bakich, Y. Ban, S. Banerjee, A. Bay, I. Bedny, I. Bizjak, A. BondarA. Bozek, M. Bračko, T. E. Browder, Y. Chao, K. F. Chen, B. G. Cheon, R. Chistov, S. K. Choi, Y. Choi, A. Chuvikov, S. Cole, M. Danilov, J. Dragic, A. Drutskoy, S. Eidelman, V. Eiges, Y. Enari, D. Epifanov, J. Flanagan, K. Furukawa, N. Gabyshev, A. Garmash, T. Gershon, B. Golob, J. Haba, K. Hara, N. C. Hastings, H. Hayashii, M. Hazumi, L. Hinz, T. Hokuue, Y. Hoshi, W. S. Hou, Y. B. Hsiung, H. C. Huang, T. Iijima, H. Ikeda, K. Inami, A. Ishikawa, H. Ishino, R. Itoh, H. Iwasaki, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, H. Kakuno, T. Kamitani, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, P. Kapusta, S. U. Kataoka, N. Katayama, H. Kawai, T. Kawasaki, A. Kibayashi, H. Kichimi, E. Kikutani, H. J. Kim, J. H. Kim, S. K. Kim, K. Kinoshita, P. Koppenburg, S. Korpar, P. Križan, P. Krokovny, S. Kumar, A. Kuzmin, Y. J. Kwon, J. S. Lange, G. Leder, S. H. Lee, Y. J. Lee, T. Lesiak, J. Li, A. Limosani, S. W. Lin, D. Liventsev, J. MacNaughton, F. Mandl, D. Marlow, H. Matsumoto, T. Matsumoto, A. Matyja, S. Michizono, T. Mimashi, W. Mitaroff, K. Miyabayashi, H. Miyake, H. Miyata, D. Mohapatra, G. R. Moloney, A. Murakami, T. Nagamine, Y. Nagasaka, T. Nakadaira, T. T. Nakamura, E. Nakano, M. Nakao, H. Nakazawa, Z. Natkaniec, K. Neichi, S. Nishida, O. Nitoh, S. Noguchi, T. Nozaki, S. Ogawa, Y. Ogawa, K. Ohmi, T. Ohshima, N. Ohuchi, K. Oide, T. Okabe, S. Okuno, S. L. Olsen, W. Ostrowicz, H. Ozaki, P. Pakhlov, H. Palka, C. W. Park, H. Park, N. Parslow, L. E. Piilonen, N. Root, M. Rozanska, H. Sagawa, Y. Sakai, O. Schneider, J. Schümann, C. Schwanda, A. J. Schwartz, S. Semenov, K. Senyo, H. Shibuya, T. Shidara, B. Shwartz, V. Sidorov, J. B. Singh, N. Soni, R. Stamen, S. Stanič, M. Starič, R. Sugahara, K. Sumisawa, T. Sumiyoshi, K. Suzuki, S. Suzuki, O. Tajima, F. Takasaki, K. Tamai, N. Tamura, M. Tanaka, M. Tawada, Y. Teramoto, T. Tomura, T. Tsuboyama, T. Tsukamoto, S. Uehara, T. Uglov, K. Ueno, Y. Unno, S. Uno, G. Varner, K. E. Varvell, C. C. Wang, C. H. Wang, M. Z. Wang, Y. Watanabe, B. D. Yabsley, Y. Yamada, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Yamashita, M. Yamauchi, H. Yanai, Heyoung Yang, J. Ying, M. Yokoyama, M. Yoshida, Y. Yusa, C. C. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, T. Ziegler, D. Žontar, D. Zürcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CP violation parameters in Bo → π +π- decay were investigated. The flavor of the accompanying B meson was identified by reconstructing B o→π+π- CP eigenstate. It was observed that the expected sensitivity was optimized using the ratio LR. The study showed that there was a direct CP violation with a significance at or greater than 3.2σ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021601
Pages (from-to)021601-1-021601-5
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul 9

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the KEKB group for the excellent operation of the accelerator, the KEK Cryogenics group for the efficient operation of the solenoid, and the KEK computer group and the NII for valuable computing and Super-SINET network support. We acknowledge support from MEXT and JSPS (Japan); ARC and DEST (Australia); NSFC (Contract No. 10175071, China); DST (India); the BK21 program of MOEHRD and the CHEP SRC program of KOSEF (Korea); KBN (Contract No. 2P03B 01324, Poland); MIST (Russia); MESS (Slovenia); NSC and MOE (Taiwan); and DOE (USA).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Observation of large CP violation and evidence for direct CP violation in B<sup>0</sup> → π<sup>+</sup> π<sup>-</sup> decays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this