Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV

CMS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb-1. The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is σ(pp→tZq→t?+?-q)=111±13(stat)-9+11(syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132003
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 5

Fingerprint

bosons
quarks
collisions
protons
leptons
luminosity
center of mass
muons
standard deviation
sensitivity
detectors
cross sections
electrons
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{8ecf408ec9354650b1491173dc8ee162,
title = "Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV",
abstract = "The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb-1. The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is σ(pp→tZq→t?+?-q)=111±13(stat)-9+11(syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.",
author = "{CMS Collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and {Escalante Del Valle}, A. and M. Flechl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and X. Janssen and J. Lauwers and A. Lelek and M. Pieters and {Van Haevermaet}, H. and {Van Mechelen}, P. and {Van Remortel}, N. and F. Blekman and J. D'Hondt and {De Clercq}, J. and K. Deroover and G. Flouris and D. Lontkovskyi and S. Lowette and I. Marchesini",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
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Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV. / CMS Collaboration.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 13, 132003, 05.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV

AU - CMS Collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Ambrogi, F.

AU - Asilar, E.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Brandstetter, J.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Escalante Del Valle, A.

AU - Flechl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - Krammer, N.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Madlener, T.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Rad, N.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Spanring, M.

AU - Spitzbart, D.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wittmann, J.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Zarucki, M.

AU - Chekhovsky, V.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Di Croce, D.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Lelek, A.

AU - Pieters, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Blekman, F.

AU - D'Hondt, J.

AU - De Clercq, J.

AU - Deroover, K.

AU - Flouris, G.

AU - Lontkovskyi, D.

AU - Lowette, S.

AU - Marchesini, I.

PY - 2019/4/5

Y1 - 2019/4/5

N2 - The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb-1. The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is σ(pp→tZq→t?+?-q)=111±13(stat)-9+11(syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

AB - The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb-1. The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is σ(pp→tZq→t?+?-q)=111±13(stat)-9+11(syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003

M3 - Article

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VL - 122

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

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M1 - 132003

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