Oleuropein prevents the progression of steatohepatitis to hepatic fibrosis induced by a high-fat diet in mice

Sung Woo Kim, Wonhee Hur, Tian Zhu Li, Young Ki Lee, Jung Eun Choi, Sung Woo Hong, Kwang Soo Lyoo, Chan Ran You, Eun Sun Jung, Chan Kun Jung, Taesun Park, Soo Jong Um, Seung Kew Yoon

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Abstract

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by hepatocyte injury and inflammatory cell infiltration, which has been linked to peripheral insulin resistance and increased levels of triglycerides in the liver. The purposes of this study were to establish a mouse model of NASH by feeding mice a 60% high-fat diet (HFD) and to demonstrate the anti-fibrotic effects of oleuropein, which has been shown to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, in this HFD-induced mouse model of NASH. C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: a regular diet group (Chow), a HFD group and an oleuropeinsupplemented HFD group (OSD), which was fed a 0.05% OSD for 6 months. The effects of oleuropein in this model were evaluated using biochemical, histological and molecular markers. The expression levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type I in the HFD and OSD groups were evaluated using real-time PCR and western blotting. The body weight, biochemical marker levels, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and leptin levels observed in the HFD group at 9 and 12 months were higher than those observed in the Chow group. The HOMA-IR and leptin levels in the OSD group were decreased compared with the HFD group. In addition, α-SMA and collagen type I expression were decreased by oleuropein treatment. We established a NASH model induced by HFD and demonstrated that this model exhibits the histopathological features of NASH progressing to fibrosis. Our results suggest that oleuropein may be pharmacologically useful in preventing the progression of steatohepatitis and fibrosis and may be a promising agent for the treatment of NASH in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere92
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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    Kim, S. W., Hur, W., Li, T. Z., Lee, Y. K., Choi, J. E., Hong, S. W., Lyoo, K. S., You, C. R., Jung, E. S., Jung, C. K., Park, T., Um, S. J., & Yoon, S. K. (2014). Oleuropein prevents the progression of steatohepatitis to hepatic fibrosis induced by a high-fat diet in mice. Experimental and Molecular Medicine, 46(4), [e92]. https://doi.org/10.1038/emm.2014.10