Oleuropein reduces free fatty acid-induced lipogenesis via lowered extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation in hepatocytes

Wonhee Hur, Sung Woo Kim, Young Ki Lee, Jung Eun Choi, Sung Woo Hong, Myeong Jun Song, Si Hyun Bae, Taesun Park, Soo Jong Um, Seung Kew Yoon

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oleuropein, a bitter glucoside found in green olive leaves, and its metabolite hydroxytyrosol display powerful antioxidant activity both in vivo and in vitro. In this study, we hypothesized that the antioxidant activity of oleuropein could attenuate hepatic steatosis. To test this hypothesis, we established steatotic hepatocytes using HepG2 and FL83B cells treated with free fatty acids (FFAs) (oleate:palmitate, 2:1). To confirm hepatic steatosis, the intracellular lipid levels were quantitatively measured by Nile Red staining, and the sizes and distributions of lipid droplets were visualized by transmission electron microscopy. The expression of PAT family proteins as well as of adipose differentiation-related protein and tail interacting protein (TIP47) was evaluated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. To examine the cellular and molecular events associated with oleuropein, annexin V/propidium iodide staining and immunoblotting were performed. Oleuropein decreased the number and size of lipid droplets in FFA-treated cells and reduced intracellular triglyceride accumulation. However, it did not affect the expression of lipid droplets-associated PAT family proteins, including adipose differentiation-related protein and TIP47. In addition, oleuropein reduced FFA-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation but had no effect on c-Jun N-terminal kinase or AKT activation. Given its protective effects against FFA-induced hepatocellular steatosis, oleuropein may be a lipid-lowering agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)778-786
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition Research
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Hur, W., Kim, S. W., Lee, Y. K., Choi, J. E., Hong, S. W., Song, M. J., Bae, S. H., Park, T., Um, S. J., & Yoon, S. K. (2012). Oleuropein reduces free fatty acid-induced lipogenesis via lowered extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation in hepatocytes. Nutrition Research, 32(10), 778-786. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2012.06.017