Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY), produced by intestinal enteroendocrine L cells, are important gut hormones that coordinate gastrointestinal physiology, metabolism, and appetite. We aimed to investigate the role of olfactory receptor (OR) OR51E1 in GLP-1 and PYY secretion. We analyzed the expression of olfactory marker protein (OMP), an indicator of OR-mediated events in nonolfactory systems, in human intestinal L cells. Furthermore, we analyzed OMP and OR51E1 expression in the L cell line NCI-H716. To investigate whether odorant-activated OR signaling stimulates GLP-1 and PYY secretion, we used nonanoic acid, a known OR51E1 ligand. Treatment with 100 mM nonanoic acid increased GLP-1 secretion by 2.32 ± 0.41-fold and PYY secretion by 1.44 ± 0.10-fold; however, this effect was attenuated on small interfering RNA-mediated OR51E1 knockdown. Oral administration of nonanoic acid to rats resulted in a 2.89 ± 0.53-fold increase in GLP-1 levels and reductions in blood glucose levels compared with the control group. Nonanoic acid stimulates GLP-1 and PYY secretion via OR51E1 signaling in L cells, thereby indicating a potential role of OR-mediated events in GLP-1 and PYY secretion; this could be translated into a therapeutic approach in treating diabetes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism