Practical application of microsupercapacitors (MSCs) has been plagued by challenging task of achieving high energy density, shape/configuration diversity, and mechanical flexibility. Here, we present on-demand solid-state artistic ultrahigh areal energy density MSCs (a-MSCs). Direct-ink-writing (DIW) printing of rheology-tuned electrode inks and ultraviolet-curable gel polymer electrolyte inks allows the construction of thick electrodes with microscale features/arbitrary form factors and ionic isolation between unit cells (enabling electrochemical tailoring of voltages and capacitances in a single a-MSC). A nickel/gold-plated polyimide substrate is introduced as a flexible current collector that allows an increase in areal mass loading of electrodes. A DIW-printed polydimethylsiloxane layer shifts the location of a neutral plane to electrode-current collector interface to improve flexibility. The resulting a-MSC exhibits high areal energy density (61.34 µWh cm−2) and on-demand (in-series/in-parallel) cell configuration with artistic versatility. Moreover, the a-MSC is aesthetically unitized with complex-shaped electronic devices, acting as a customized practical monolithic power source.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Energy Storage Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 May|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program ( 2021R1A2B5B03001615 , 2021M3D1A2043791 , 2021M3H4A1A02099355 , and 2017M1A2A2044501 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant by the Korean Government (MSIT).
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology