The traditional view of the morphology-spin connection is being challenged by recent integral field unit observations, as the majority of early-type galaxies are found to have a rotational component that is often as large as a dispersion component. Mergers are often suspected to be critical in galaxy spin evolution, yet the details of their roles are still unclear. We present the first results on the spin evolution of galaxies in cluster environments through a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation. Galaxies spin down globally with cosmic evolution. Major (mass ratios > 1/4) and minor (1/4 ≥ mass ratios > 1/50) mergers are important contributors to the spin-down in particular in massive galaxies. Minor mergers appear to have stronger cumulative effects than major mergers. Surprisingly, the dominant driver of galaxy spin-down seems to be environmental effects rather than mergers. However, since multiple processes act in combination, it is difficult to separate their individual roles. We briefly discuss the caveats and future studies that are called for.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S.K.Y. acknowledges support from the Korean National Research Foundation (Doyak program). This work has been supported by the Yonsei University Future-leading Research Initiative of 2015 (RMS2 2015-22-0064). The supercomputing time for numerical simulation was kindly provided by KISTI (KSC-2014-G2-003), and large data transfer was supported by KREONET, which is managed and operated by KISTI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science