Proton-conducting ceramics have been very useful due to their potential applications in fuel cells, electrolysers, and hydrogen membranes. The proton-conducting fuel cell electrolytes (Ba1−xSrx)(Ce0.75Zr0.10Y0.15)O3−δ (x = 0–1.0) have been synthesized through sol-gel method and characterized with regard to phase, structural stability, and electrical conductivity. The structural behavior has been investigated by X-ray diffraction and theRaman spectroscopy. The XRD analysis shows perovskite-type cubic structure and values of lattice parameter lie in the range of ~4.29 to ~4.40 Å. Strontium substitution leads to lattice contraction, strengthening of the metal-oxygen bond, and increase of oxygen content (3−δ). The Raman spectra show different types of stretching/vibrations corresponding to octahedral, M-O stretching, and oxygen vacancies. The electrical conduction was found to be protonic in nature and decreases with increase of strontium insertion. The composition x = 0.4 shows relatively better structural stability against humid air/boiling water condition while inferior in carbon dioxide atmosphere.
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© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)